What can be expected before the surgery?
Before the surgery
A cholecystectomy is performed upon injecting the general anesthesia. So, the patient would not be conscious during the surgery.
After injecting the general anesthesia, using one of the veins in your arms, the effect of this medicine will show its result in a while.
Post that, the health care team will insert a tube, passing through the throat to ease the breathing of the patient. After that, the
surgeon will carry out the surgical procedure either through laparoscopy or open procedure, depending upon the situation.
In the course of Surgical Procedure
Understanding the situation, the surgeon will execute one of the two surgical techniques.
Minimally invasive (laparoscopic) cholecystectomy
During laparoscopic surgery, upon creating the four small incisions, a small tube armed with a tiny camera is inserted through one
of the incisions. The surgeon executes this surgery while watching the laparoscopy monitor, utilizing the equipment which has been
inserted through the other incisions with the mission of removing the gallbladder.
Post this procedure, the patient may undergo an X-ray or ultrasound if the surgeon is worried about the likely gallstones or other
unattended problems in the bile duct. Then, the patient is brought to the recovery or ICU room under a vigil observation after the
incisions are sutured. This whole procedure takes around one or two hours to complete.
Laparoscopic surgery is not an appropriate option for every individual. In some cases, the surgeon begins with the laparoscopic
surgical procedure, but end with carrying out an open surgery because of scar tissue from previous operations or other unexpected
Traditional (open) cholecystectomy
In the course of an open cholecystectomy, the surgeon makes a 6-inches (15-centimeter) incision in the abdomen below the rib on
the right side. Upon pulling back the muscle and tissue in order to create the space, the surgeon removes the gallbladder.
The incision would be stitched down. Post that, the patient would be carried to the recovery or ICU room under close observation.
Like laparoscopic surgery, an open cholecystectomy takes one or two hours to furnish its procedure.
After the surgical procedure
As it is said beforehand, the patient would be brought to the recovery or ICU room to keep a close observation till the time the effect
of injected general anesthesia recedes down. Post that, the patient would be shifted to a hospital ward for the recovery. Recovery
varies depending upon the procedure.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Patients are usually discharged from the hospital on the same day when the surgery was
performed. However, in some cases, one night’s stay at the hospital is required. Generally, the patient can expect to go home
when he/she is capable enough to eat and drink without any pain and walk without any support. Full recovery takes around a
Open Cholecystectomy: The patient spends two to three days in the hospital to recover before he/she gets discharged. A time of
four to six weeks would be taken for the full recovery.